Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve Tour leads travelers and nature enthusiasts to the wide plains of the Terai region of Nepal filled with woods, wetlands, rivers, and wildlife. Travelers will traverse through the trails and areas of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve which is extended to 176sq.km.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve encompasses the activities of boating in the Sapta Koshi River, observing diverse flora and fauna, watching the flaunting birds, driving to Koshi Barrage, walking through the dense woods of Koshi Tappu, lunch in an open area, and living in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve camp. You will also see the local villagers which also have thatched roofs built with thatch grass of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve.
In Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, you will be flying to Biratnagar and stay at Koshi Tappu Wildlife Camp. From early morning sunrise to sunset, you will explore and observe the entire area. Each day is scheduled to make travelers visit different sides and areas of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. Nepal Adventure Team makes sure that travelers have a great time and each moment is utilized and cherished in nature and the wilderness of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. You can also check the other option of Nepal jungle safari to enjoy the wilderness and calmness of wildlife and nature of Nepal.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve was announced in 1976 to preserve habitat for the only remaining population of Wild buffalo, Arna (Bubalus Arnee) with an area of 176 sq. km. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies on the floodplains of the Sapta Koshi River in the southern-eastern part of the Terai Region and both the eastern and western embankments of the Sapta Koshi River define the area of the wildlife reserve. Sapta Koshi is one of the three main tributaries of the Ganges.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is also declared as Ramsar Site, a wetland of international significance in 1987. Additionally, recognizing its essence Nepal Government too declared Koshi Tapu Wildlife Reserve as a buffer zone in 2004.
Flora and Fauna at Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
The vegetation is mainly composed of tall grasslands. There are also small patches of Khair-sissoo scrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest.
The last surviving population of Wild buffalo is found here. Likewise, Koshi Tappu is also home to other 20 species of animals as Hog deer, Wild boar, Spotted deer, Blue bull, and rock python. Koshi Tappu has 80 species of fish as well as endangered Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve has a huge collection and diversity of bird species. It has around 441 species of birds including 14 endemic species (only found in the area), 20 duck species, 2 Ibis species, white tailed stonechat, Striated marsh warbler, 30 shorebirds, 114 water birds, and the endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican. Koshi Barrage is an extremely important resting place for many migratory birds containing 87 winter and trans-Himalayan migratory species.
Best Time for Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve Tour
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve distinctively experiences three seasons: Summer, Monsoon, and Winter.
During summer (February- May), the area is extensively hot with temperatures reaching up to 40 degrees Celsius. However, the migration of birds usually peaks during March. The beginning of summer showcases the growth and blossom of vegetation and floras of the area.
Monsoon starts from late May to July with heavy and frequent rainfall resulting in floods in the river. It has high humidity along with quite high temperatures. People experience light rainfall till September. The rain makes the trails and areas wet and creates difficulty to traverse and explore the area. Otherwise, Monsoon nourishes the vegetation of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve to grow wild, huge, and dense. On sunny days, you can enjoy the lush jungle and area colored with greeneries and flowers.
From October to January, Koshi Tappu experiences the winter season with clear skies, moderate temperature but still gets quite cold without any snowfall. During winter, many migratory birds can be seen on Koshi Barrage and the river channel. The clear skies allow wonderful sight of Himalayan peaks including Makalu (8463m), the world’s fifth highest mountain peak. Therefore, most of the travelers prefer to travel to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve at this period of time which also creates more human flow in the area.